Gebruiker:Charlielv55/sandput/Jacobitisme

Sjabloon:Infobox war faction Jacobitism (/ˈækəbˌtɪzəm/ Sjabloon:Respell Skots-Gaelies: Seumasachas Sjabloon:IPA-gd, Sjabloon:Lang-ga) is a name commonly used for the movement that supported the restoration of the House of Stuart to the British throne. It is derived from Jacobus, the Latin version of James.

When James II and VII went into exile after the 1688 Glorious Revolution, the Parliament of England argued he abandoned the English throne and offered it to his Protestant daughter Mary II and her husband William III.[1] The Scottish Convention claimed he 'forfeited' the throne of Scotland by his actions, listed in the Articles of Grievances.[2][3]

The assertion that monarchs gained legitimacy from Parliament, rather than God, or divine right became a key ideological difference between Jacobites and their opponents. However, Jacobitism was a complex mix of ideas, many opposed by the Stuarts themselves; in Ireland, it meant tolerance for Catholicism, which James supported, but also Irish autonomy and reversing the 17th century land settlements, which he opposed. In 1745, Scottish Jacobites opposed the 1707 Union and divine right; Prince Charles supported both.

Outside Ireland, Jacobitism was strongest in the western Scottish Highlands, Perthshire and Aberdeenshire and areas of Northern England with a high proportion of Catholics such as western Lancashire and Northumberland. Sympathisers were also found in parts of Wales, and in the West Midlands and South West England, to some degree overlapping with the Royalist strongholds of the Civil War era. The movement had an international dimension; several European powers sponsored the Jacobites as an extension of larger conflicts, while many Jacobite exiles served in foreign armies.

In addition to the 1689–1691 Williamite War in Ireland and the simultaneous conflict in Scotland, there were open Jacobite revolts in Scotland and England in 1715, 1719 and 1745-6; abortive French-backed invasion attempts in 1708 and 1744; and several unsuccessful plots. While the 1745 rising was briefly a serious crisis for the British state, leading to the recall of British troops from Continental Europe, its collapse and the 1748 withdrawal of French support ended Jacobitism as a serious political movement.

VerwysingsWysig

  1. Harris 2007, pp. 271–272.
  2. Barnes 1973, pp. 310-312.
  3. Ferguson 1994, p. 172.

BronneWysig

  • Barlett, Thomas (1993). “The Catholic Question in the Eighteenth Century”. History Ireland 1 (1).
  • Barnes, Robert P. (1973). “James VII's Forfeiture of the Scottish Throne”. Albion: A Quarterly Journal Concerned with British Studies 5 (4). doi:10.2307/4048254.
  • Chambers, Liam (author), Binasco, Matteo (ed) (2018). Rome and The Irish Mission at home in Irish Catholicism in the Atlantic World, 1622-1908. Palgrave Press. ISBN 978-3319959740.AS1-onderhoud: extra text: authors list (link)
  • Charteris, Evan (1907). A Short Account of the Affairs of Scotland. David Douglas, Edinburgh.
  • Colley, Linda (1985). In Defiance of Oligarchy: The Tory Party 1714-60. Cambridge UP.
  • Corp, Edward (2011). The Stuarts in Italy, 1719-1766. Cambridge UP.
  • Coward, Barry (1980). The Stuart Age 1603–1714. Longman. ISBN 978-0582488335.
  • Cruikshanks, Lauchlin Alexander (2008). The Act of Union: Death or Reprieve for the Highlands?. Wesleyan University. OCLC 705142720.
  • (1997) “Jacobitism, Catholicism and the Irish Protestant Elite, 1700–1710”. Eighteenth-Century Ireland / Iris an Dá Chultúr 12.
  • Ferguson, William (1994). Scotland's Relations with England: A Survey to 1707. The Saltire Society. ISBN 978-0-85411-058-2.
  • Graham, Brian (ed.) (2002). In Search of Ireland: A Cultural Geography. Taylor and Francis. ISBN 9781134749188.AS1-onderhoud: extra text: authors list (link)
  • (1949) “Ireland and Jacobitism”. Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review 38 (149).
  • (1979) “The Church of Ireland in the Early 18th Century”. Historical Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church 48 (4).
  • Hamilton, Henry (1963). An economic history of Scotland in the Eighteenth century. Clarendon Press.
  • Harris, Tim (1993). Politics under the Later Stuarts: Party Conflict in a Divided Society, 1660–1715. Longman. ISBN 978-0582040823.
  • Harris, Tim (2007). Revolution; the Great Crisis of the British Monarchy 1685–1720. Penguin. ISBN 978-0141016528.
  • Lenman, Bruce (1980). The Jacobite Risings in Britain 1689–1746. Methuen Publishing. ISBN 978-0413396501.
  • Lord, Evelyn (2004). The Stuart Secret Army: The Hidden History of the English Jacobites. Pearson. ISBN 978-0582772564.
  • Magennis, Eoin (1998). “A 'Beleaguered Protestant'?: Walter Harris and the Writing of Fiction Unmasked in Mid-18th-Century Ireland”. Eighteenth-Century Ireland 13.
  • Ruvigny and Raineval, Marquis de (Melville Henry Massue) (comp.). The Jacobite Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Grants of Honour. Edinburgh: T. C. & E. C. Jack, 1904.
  • McCormick, Ted (2014). Restoration Ireland, 1660–1688; in The Oxford Handbook of Modern Irish History. OUP. ISBN 978-0198768210.
  • McDonald, Alan (1998). The Jacobean Kirk, 1567–1625: Sovereignty, Polity and Liturgy. Routledge. ISBN 978-1859283738.
  • McCann, Jean E (1963). The Organisation of the Jacobite Army. PHD thesis Edinburgh University. OCLC 646764870.
  • (1982) “Issues and Motives in the Jacobite Rising of 1745”. The Eighteenth Century 23 (2).
  • Miller, John (1978). James II; A study in kingship. Menthuen. ISBN 978-0413652904.
  • Monod, Paul (1993). Jacobitism and the English People, 1688-1788. Cambridge UP. ISBN 9780521447935.
  • Morley, Vincent (2007). “The Continuity of Disaffection in Eighteenth-Century Ireland”. Eighteenth-Century Ireland / Iris an Dá Chultúr 22.
  • O'Ciardha, Eamonn (2000). Ireland and the Jacobite Cause, 1685-1766: A Fatal Attachment. Four Courts Press. ISBN 978-1851825349.
  • Pittock, Murray (1998). Jacobitism. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0333667989.
  • Pittock, Murray (1997). Inventing and Resisting Britain. Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Plank, Geoffrey (2005). Rebellion and Savagery: The Jacobite Rising of 1745 and the British Empire. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 978-0812238983.
  • The Lion in the North, John Prebble, Penguin Books 1973
  • Maritime Scotland, Brian Lavery, B. T. Batsford Ltd., 2001, ISBN 0-7134-8520-5
  • (1937) “The Non-Jurors; 1688-1805”. The Churchman 51 (2).
  • Scotland, A Concise History, Fitzroy Maclean, Thames and Hudson 1991, ISBN 0-500-27706-0
  • Bonnie Prince Charlie, Fitzroy Maclean, Canongate Books Ltd. 1989 ISBN 0-86241-568-3
  • Overton, JH (1902). The Nonjurors: Their Lives, Principles, and Writings (2018 uitg.). Wentworth Press. ISBN 9780530237329.
  • Riding, Jacqueline (2016). Jacobites: A New History of the 45 Rebellion. Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-1408819128.
  • Rogers, Nicholas (1998). Crowds, Culture, and Politics in Georgian Britain. Oxford UP.
  • Shinsuke, Satsuma (2013). Britain and Colonial Maritime War in the Early Eighteenth Century. Boydell Press. ISBN 978-1843838623.
  • Somerset, Anne (2012). Queen Anne; the Politics of Passion. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0007203765.
  • (January 2010) “Scottish Nationalism and Stuart Unionism”. Journal of British Studies 49 (1, Scottish Special).
  • Strong, Rowan (2002). Episcopalianism in Nineteenth-Century Scotland: Religious Responses to a Modernizing Society. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0199249220.
  • Szechi, Daniel (1994). The Jacobites: Britain and Europe, 1688–1788 (First uitg.). Manchester University Press. ISBN 978-0719037740.
  • (November 2001) “Elite Culture and the Decline of Scottish Jacobitism 1716–1745”. Past & Present 173 (173): 90–128. doi:10.1093/past/173.1.90.
  • Yates, Nigel (2014). Eighteenth Century Britain: Religion and Politics 1714-1815. Routledge.
  • The Myths of the Jacobite Clans, Murray G. H. Pittock, Edinburgh University Press 1995 ISBN 0-7486-0715-3
  • Georgian Monarchy: Politics and Culture, 1714–60, Hannah Smith, Cambridge University Press 2006
  • The Material Culture of the Jacobites, Neil Guthrie, Cambridge University Press 2014 ISBN 9781107041332
  • Jacobite Prisoners of the 1715 Rebellion. Preventing and Punishing Insurrection in Early Hanoverian Britain. Margaret Sankey, Ashgate Publishing, Aldershot, Hampshire, England 2005, ISBN 0-7546-3631-3.
  • Jacobitism and Anti-Jacobitism in the British Atlantic World, 1688–1727, David Parrish, (Studies in History New Series), 2017

Eksterne skakelsWysig