Verskil tussen weergawes van "Europese Ruimtevaartorganisasie"

Bygewerk
k (Winstonza het bladsy ESA na Europese Ruimtevaartorganisasie geskuif: Volle naam)
(Bygewerk)
[[Lêer:ESA logo.svg|thumbduimnael|Die ESA se logo.]]
[[Lêer:Esahqdp.jpg|duimnael|Die ESA se hoofkantoor in [[Parys]], [[Frankryk]]]]
[[Lêer:Location ESA member countries.svg|thumb|Die lidlande van die ESA.]]
 
Die '''Europese Ruimtevaartorganisasie''' ([[Engels]]: ''European Space Agency;'', afkorting '''ESA'''; [[Frans]]: ''Agence spatiale européenne'', ''ASE''; [[Duits]]: ''Europäische Weltraumorganisation'') is ’n interregeringorganisasie wat inop 30 Mei [[1975]] gestig is vir die verkenning van die [[ruimte]]. Dit het tans 21 lidlande. Die hoofkantoor is in [[Parys]], [[Frankryk]]. Die ESA het ’n personeel van meer as 2&nbsp;000 (wat subkontrakteurs en nasionale ruimteagentskappe uitsluit) en ’n begroting van sowat €4,28&nbsp;miljard (in [[2013]]).<ref name=budget2013>{{en}} {{cite web | url = http://www.esa.int/For_Media/Latest_web_news/Budget_as_presented_during_DG_press_conference_24_January_2013 | title = ESA Budget for 2013 | work = esa.int | date = 24 Januarie 2013}}</ref>
 
Die ESA se ruimtehawe is die GuianaGuyana-ruimtesentrum in [[Kourou]], [[Frans-GuianaGuyana]], ’n ligging wat gekies is omdat dit so na aan die [[ewenaar]] is en kommersieel belangrike wentelbane van daar af toegankliker is. In die Ariane 4-tydperk het die ESA die posisie van markleier in kommersiële ruimtelanserings ingeneem en in die afgelope paar jaar het dit homself gevestig as ’n belangrike rolspeler in ruimteverkenning.
 
ESA-wetenskapsendings is gebaseer in Noordwijk, [[Nederland]], aardwaarnemingsendings in Frascati, [[Italië]], ESA-sendingbeheer is in [[Darmstadt]], [[Duitsland]], en die Europese Ruimtevaardersentrum, wat ruimtevaarders vir toekomstige sendings oplei, in [[Keulen]], [[Duitsland]]. Die [[amptelike taal|amptelike tale]] is Engels, Frans, Duits, [[Italiaans]], [[Nederlands]] en [[Spaans]].<ref name=convention1>{{en}} {{cite web |url=http://esamultimedia.esa.int/multimedia/publications/SP-1317-EN/pageflip.html |title=Convention for the establishment of a European Space Agency |publisher=ESA |format=PDF |date=2010 |accessdate=16 November 2014}}</ref>
 
== Lidlande ==
[[Lêer:ESA-members-map.svg|duimnael|
{{legend|#5B9ED7|Lidlande}}
{{legend|#5FB4A1|ECS-medewerkers}}]]
[[Lêer:Location ESA member countries.svg|thumbduimnael|Die lidlande van die ESA.]]
{{legend|#5B9ED7|Lidlande}}
{{legend|#5FB4A1|ECS-medewerkers}}
{{legend|#3D9345|Ondertekenaars van die samewerking-ooreenkoms}}]]
[[Lêer:European Space Agency tight.png|duimnael|
{{legend|#5B9ED7|ESA-lidlande}}
{{legend|#0000ff|ESA Geassosieerde lande}}
{{legend|#5FB4A1|ECS-medewerkers}}
{{legend|#3D9345|Ondertekenaars van die samewerking-ooreenkoms}}]]
{| class="wikitable sortable" cellspacing="2"
|-
!Lidland
!ESA-konvensie
!Nasionale program
!Bydraes<br />(Milj.&nbsp;€)
!Bydraes<br />(%)
|-
| {{vlagland|België}} || 3 Oktober 1978 || BELSPO || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|189.5}} || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|5.8}}%
|-
| {{vlagland|Denemarke}} || 15 September 1977 || DTU Space || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|26.8}} || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|0.8}}%
|-
| {{vlagland|Duitsland}} || 26 Julie 1977 || Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|797.4}} || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|24.6}}%
|-
| {{vlagland|Estland}} || 4 Februarie 2015 || Enterprise Estonia || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|0.8}} || style="text-align:right;"| {{nts|0.1}}%
|-
| {{vlagland|Finland}} || 1 Januarie 1995 || Tekes || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|19.6}} || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|0.6}}%
|-
| {{vlagland|Frankryk}} || 30 Oktober 1980 || CNES || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|718.2}} || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|22.2}}%
|-
| {{vlagland|Griekeland}} || 9 Maart 2005 || ISARS/NOA || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|12.1}} || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|0.4}}%
|-
| {{vlagland|Ierland}} || 10 Desember 1980 || Enterprise Ireland || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|18.0}} || style="text-align:right;"| {{nts|0.6}}%
|-
| {{vlagland|Italië}} ||20 Februarie 1978 || Agenzia Spaziale Italiana || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|329.9}} || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|10.2}}%
|-
| {{vlagland|Luxemburg}} || 30 Junie 2005 || Luxinnovation || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|23.0}} || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|0.7}}%
|-
| {{vlagland|Nederland}} || 6 Februarie 1979 || Netherlands Space Office || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|74.7}} || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|2.3}}%
|-
| {{vlagland|Noorweë}} || 30 Desember 1986 || Norsk Romsenter || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|59.8}} || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|1.8}}%
|-
| {{vlagland|Oostenryk}} || 30 Desember 1986 || Agentur für Luft- und Raumfahrt || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|51.5}} || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|1.6}}%
|-
| {{vlagland|Pole}} || 19 November 2012 || Centrum Badań Kosmicznych || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|30.0}} || style="text-align:right;"| {{nts|0.9}}%
|-
| {{vlagland|Portugal}} || 14 November 2000 || Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|16.7}} || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|0.5}}%
|-
| {{vlagland|Roemenië}} || 22 Desember 2011 || Agenţia Spaţialǎ Românǎ || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|25.4}} || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|0.8}}%
|-
| {{vlagland|Spanje}} || 7 Februarie 1979 || Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|131.7}} || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|4.1}}%
|-
| {{vlagland|Swede}} || 6 April 1976 || Rymdstyrelsen || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|80.3}} || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|2.5}}%
|-
| {{vlagland|Switserland}} || 19 November 1976 || Swiss Space Office || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|134.9}} || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|4.2}}%
|-
| {{vlagland|Tsjeggië}} || 12 November 2008 || | Ministerstvo dopravy České republiky || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|14.2}} || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|0.4}}%
|-
| {{vlagland|Verenigde Koninkryk}} || 28 Maart 1978 || UK Space Agency || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|322.3}} || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|9.9}}%
|-
| Ander || — || — || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|149.8}} || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|4.6}}%
|-
|- style="background:#e9e9e9;"
|| '''Geassosieerde lande''' || style="background:#e9e9e9;" | || style="background:#e9e9e9;" | || style="background:#e9e9e9;" | || style="background:#e9e9e9;" |
|-
| {{vlagland|Kanada}} || 1 Januarie 1979 || Canadian Space Agency || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|15.5}} || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|0.5}}%
|-
| style="background:#e9e9e9;" | '''Totale Lede en Medewerkers''' || style="background:#e9e9e9;" | || style="background:#e9e9e9;" | || style="background:#e9e9e9; text-align:right;" | '''{{nts|3241.2}}''' || style="background:#e9e9e9; text-align:right;" | '''{{nts|100}}%'''
|-
| {{vlagland|Europese Unie}} || 28 Mei 2004 || Space policy of the European Union || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|1191.7}} || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|86.5}}%
|-
| EUMETSAT || — || — || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|122.4}} || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|10.3}}%
|-
| Ander inkomste || — || — || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|38.8}} || style="text-align:right;" | {{nts|3.3}}%
|-
| style="background:#e9e9e9;" | '''Totaal ESA''' || style="background:#e9e9e9;" | || style="background:#e9e9e9;" | || style="background:#e9e9e9; text-align:right;" | '''{{nts|4433.0}}''' || style="background:#e9e9e9; text-align:right;" | '''{{nts|136.8}}%'''
|}
 
== Sien ook ==
* [[Nasa]], die Amerikaanse ruimte-agentskap.
 
==Bronne Verwysings ==
{{Verwysings}}
* ESA-geskiedenisadvieskomitee: ''A history of the European Space Agency 1958–1987'' (=ESA spesiale publikasie 1235). Europese Ruimtevaartorganisasie 2001, ISBN 92-9092-536-1, ISSN 1609–042X ([http://www.esa.int/esapub/sp/sp1235/sp1235v1web.pdf Vol. 1], [http://www.esa.int/esapub/sp/sp1235/sp1235v2web.pdf Vol. 2])
 
* Andrew Wilson: ''[http://www.esa.int/esaMI/ESA_Publications/SEMBY7638FE_0.html ESA Suksesse]'', 3<sup>de</sup> uitgawe. ESA-publikasieafdeling, Noordwijk 2005, ISSN 0250-1589
== Bronne ==
* {{en}} ESA-geskiedenisadvieskomitee: ''A history of the European Space Agency 1958–1987'' (=ESA spesiale publikasie 1235). Europese Ruimtevaartorganisasie 2001, ISBN 92-9092-536-1, ISSN 1609–042X ([http://www.esa.int/esapub/sp/sp1235/sp1235v1web.pdf Vol. 1], [http://www.esa.int/esapub/sp/sp1235/sp1235v2web.pdf Vol. 2])
* {{en}} Andrew Wilson: ''[http://www.esa.int/esaMI/ESA_Publications/SEMBY7638FE_0.html ESA Suksesse]'', 3<sup>de</sup> uitgawe. ESA-publikasieafdeling, Noordwijk 2005, ISSN 0250-1589
 
== Eksterne skakels ==
* {{en}} [http://www.esa.int/esaCP/index.html Amptelike webwerf] (Engels)
{{CommonsKategorie-inlyn|European Space Agency}}
 
[[Kategorie:Europa]]
[[Kategorie:Internasionale organisasies]]
[[Kategorie:Sterrekundige organisasies]]