Verskil tussen weergawes van "Bernard Haitink"

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'''Bernard Johan Herman Haitink''' {{postnominals|country=GBR|CH|KBE}} ({{IPA-nl|[[Nederlands]]:ˈbɛrnɑrt ˈɦaːi̯tɪŋk|lang}}; borngebore 4 MarchMaart 1929) is a [[Dutch people|DutchNederland]]se [[Conducting|conductordirigent]].
 
== EarlyVroeë lifelewe ==
Haitink was born in [[Amsterdam]], thegebore sonas ofdie seun van Willem Haitink, a'n civilstaatsbeampte servantwat wholater wasdie todirekteur becomevan directordie ofNederlandse theelektrisiteitsraad [[TenneT|Dutchsou electricity board]]word, anden Anna Clara Verschaffelt, whowat workedvir for [[''Alliance Française]]'' gewerk het.<ref> name="Wroe">{{cite news| url=https://www.theguardian.com/saturday_review/story/0,,381994,00.html|title=Master of the House|work=The Guardian|author=Nicholas Wroe|date=14 OctoberOktober 2000| accessdate=21 April 2007}}</ref> HeHy studiedhet theviool violingestudeer anden conductinggedirigeer atby thedie [[ConservatoriumKonservatoria van Amsterdam]]. HeHy playedhet theviool in orkeste gespeel violinvoordat hy in orchestras1954 beforeen taking1955 courseskursusse in conductingdirigeer undergeneem het onder [[Ferdinand Leitner]] in 1954 and 1955.
 
== CareerLoopbaan ==
[[File:Bernard Haitink (1959).jpg|left|thumb|Bernard Haitink (1959)]]
Haitink conductedhet hisop first19 concertJulie on1954 19sy Julyeerste 1954uitvoering withgedirigeer themet Netherlandsdie Nederlandse Radio-unie Union Orchestrasimfonieorkes (later thedie [[NetherlandsNederlandse Radio Philharmonic]]Filharmoniese orkes [RFO]).<ref> name="RFOpatron">{{cite press release|title=Haitink patron of the Netherlands Radio Philharmonic Orchestra |url=http://en.radiofilharmonischorkest.nl/mco_page/detail/22285 |publisher=Radio Filharmonisch Orkest |date=20 DecemberDesember 2012 |accessdate=2 FebruaryFebruarie 2013 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130806071554/http://en.radiofilharmonischorkest.nl/mco_page/detail/22285 |archivedate=6 AugustAugustus 2013 }}</ref> HeHy becamehet secondin conductor1955 ofdie thetweede orchestradirigent invan 1955die simfonieorkes geword, anden chiefin conductor1957 ofhet thehy orchestrahoofdirigent indaarvan 1957geword. HisSy conductingbuiging debutas withdirigent thesaam met die [[RoyalKoninklike Concertgebouw OrchestraSimfonieorkes|Concertgebouw OrchestraOrkes]] washet onop 7 November 1956, substitutingplaasgevind. forHy het naamlik ingestaan vir [[Carlo Maria Giulini]].<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,843759,00.html|title=The Diffident Dutchman| work=Time|date=12 MayMei 1967|accessdate=13 JulyJulie 2007}}</ref> AfterNa thedie suddenskielike deathdood ofvan [[Eduard van Beinum]], was Haitink wasop named1 firstSeptember conductor1959 as die eerste- of thehoofdirigent van die Concertgebouw OrchestraOrkes onaangestel. 1Hy Septemberhet 1959.in He1961 becamedie principalprinsipiële conductordirigent ofvan thedie Concertgebouw OrchestraOrkes in 1961geword, anden sharedhet thattot position1963 jointlydie withposisie gedeel met [[Eugen Jochum]] until 1963, whentoe Haitink becamedie soleenigste principalprinsipiële conductordirigent geword het.<ref>TheDie orchestra'sorkes ownse websiteeie gives[[webwerf]] gee 1963 aan as thedie datedatum whenwaarop Haitink becamedie soleenigste principalprinsipiële conductordirigent geword het.</ref> WithHaitink thehet Concertgebouwsaam Orchestra,met Haitinkdie madeConcertgebouw manyOrkes recordingsbaie foropnames thevir die Philips labelplate-etiket gemaak, anden ook later vir Decca anden EMI Classics, anden touredhet widelywyd withgetoer thesaam met die orchestraorkes.
 
In the early 1980s, Haitink threatened to resign his Concertgebouw post in protest at threatened reductions to its subsidy from the Dutch government, which could have led to the dismissal of 23 musicians from the orchestra. The financial situation was eventually settled,<ref>{{cite news|author=James R. Oestreich|title=An Eminently Rational Man in an Irrational Profession| url=https://www.nytimes.com/2002/03/10/arts/music-an-eminently-rational-man-in-an-irrational-profession.html?pagewanted=all|work=New York Times|date=10 March 2002| accessdate=30 October 2007}}</ref> and Haitink remained as chief conductor until 1988. In 1999, he was named the honorary conductor of the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra. In December 2012, following his advocacy for the RFO in the wake of proposed budget cuts to the orchestra and Dutch music in general, Haitink accepted the title of patron of the RFO.<ref name="RFOpatron"/> In March 2014, Haitink stated to the Dutch newspaper ''[[Het Parool]]'' that he wished to renounce the title of RCO conductor laureate and no longer to guest-conduct the orchestra, in protest at the orchestra's current administrative management.<ref>"Haitink nooit meer bij Concertgebouworkest". ''Het Parool'', 4 March 2014.</ref> In September 2015, the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra announced a rapprochement with Haitink, with a scheduled guest-conducting engagement with the orchestra in the 2016-2017 season.<ref>{{cite press release|url=http://www.concertgebouworkest.nl/en/News/Press/2015-2016/Press-statement-Royal-Concertgebouw-Orchestra-and-Bernard-Haitink/ |title=Press Statement - Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra and Bernard Haitink |publisher=Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra |date=2 September 2015 |accessdate=2015-09-03 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20151018060618/http://www.concertgebouworkest.nl/en/News/Press/2015-2016/Press-statement-Royal-Concertgebouw-Orchestra-and-Bernard-Haitink/ |archivedate=18 October 2015 |df=dmy }}</ref><ref>{{cite news | url=http://www.volkskrant.nl/muziek/concertgebouw-toont-zich-de-wijste-in-kwestie-haitink~a4134193/ | title=Concertgebouw toont zich de wijste in kwestie-Haitink | work=De Volksrant | author=Guido van Oorschot | date=2015-09-03 | accessdate=2015-09-03}}</ref>
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