Verskil tussen weergawes van "Filmbedryf in Afrika"

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'''Die filmbedryf in Afrika''' verwys na filmproduksie en die filmindustrie in [[Afrika]]. Dit dateer uit die vroeë 20ste eeu, toe filmrolle die primêre filmtegnologie was wat gebruik is. Gedurende die [[Kolonialisme|koloniale era]] is die lewe in Afrika oorweging getoon deur die werk van blanke, koloniale, Westerse filmmakers, wat swartes grootliks negatief as eksotiese "anders" uitgebeeld het.<ref name="Hayward, Susan 2006.bl p. 426-442">Hayward, Susan. "Third World Cinemas: African Continent" in ''Cinema Studies: The Key Concepts'' (Third Edition). Routledge, 2006. blp. 426-442</ref> Daar is geen enkele Afrika filmbedryf nie; daar is verskille tussen Noord-Afrikaanse en Sub-Sahara bedrywe in die verskillende lande.<ref name="Hayward, Susan 2006. p. 426-442"/>
 
Die bioskope van [[Tunisië]] en [[Egipte]] is van die oudstes ter wêreld. Auguste en Louis Lumière vertoon hul films in [[Alexandrië]], [[Kaïro]], [[Tunis]], Soussa en Hammam-Lif in 1896.<ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=LmSFAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA23|title=Companion Encyclopedia of Middle Eastern and North African Film|last=Leaman|first=Oliver|date=2003-12-16|publisher=Routledge|isbn=9781134662524|language=en}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.bibalex.org/alexcinema/historical/beginnings.html|title=Alexandria, Why? (The Beginnings of the Cinema Industry in Alexandria)|publisher=Bibliotheca Alexandrina's AlexCinema}}</ref> Albert Samama Chikly word dikwels aangewys as die eerste vervaardiger van inheemse Afrika films, wat al in Desember 1905 hul eie kort dokumentêre in die casino van Tunis vertoon.<ref name= Ritrovato>{{cite web | url=https://festival.ilcinemaritrovato.it/en/proiezione/albert-samama-chikly-tre-programmi/| title=Three Programmes | publisher=Cinema Ritrovato | accessdate=14 Oktober 2020}}</ref> Saam met hul dogter Haydée Tamzali sou Chikly belangrike vroeë mylpale lewer, soos ''The Girl from Carthage'', in 1924. In 1935 begin die MISR-filmstudio in Kaïro meestal formele komedies en musiekblyspeles, maar ook films soos Kamal Selim se ''The Will'' (1939). Die Egiptiese filmwese floreer in die 1940's, 1950's en 1960's, beskou as sy goue era.<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://eng.babelmed.net/dossier/120-egypt/6913-the-golden-age-of-egyptian-cinema-the-1940s-to-1960s.html|title=The Golden Age of Egyptian Cinema – the 1940s to 1960s|access-date=2017-10-06|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20171125070157/http://eng.babelmed.net/dossier/120-egypt/6913-the-golden-age-of-egyptian-cinema-the-1940s-to-1960s.html|archive-date=2017-11-25|url-status=dead}}</ref> Youssef Chahine se vooraanstaande ''Cairo Station'' (1958) het [[Alfred Hitchcock]] se ''Psycho'' voorspel en 'n grondslag gelê vir die Arabiese filmwese.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://old.bfi.org.uk/sightandsound/feature/49355 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120803090558/http://old.bfi.org.uk/sightandsound/feature/49355 |url-status=dead |archive-date=2012-08-03 |title=African Cinema: Invisible Classics |publisher=British Film Institute}}</ref>
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