Verskil tussen weergawes van "Hondsdolheid"

1 195 grepe verwyder ,  5 maande gelede
korr verw
(voorkoms, sp)
(korr verw)
Inentingsprogramme en dierebeheer het die risiko van hondsdolheid, afkomstig van honde, verlaag in talle wêrelddele. <ref name="WHO2013" />
 
 Hondsdolheid veroorsaak elke jaar ongeveer 24 000 to 60 000 sterftes ter wêreld.<ref name="Giesen2015">{{Cite journal|title=30 Years of rabies vaccination with Rabipur: a summary of clinical data and global experience|journal=Expert Review of Vaccines|volume=14|issue=3|pages=351–67|date=March 2015|doi=10.1586/14760584.2015.1011134}}</ref><ref>{{Cite journal|title=Global, regional, and national age-sex specific all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 240 causes of death, 1990–2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013.|journal=Lancet (London, England)|date=10 January 2015|volume=385|issue=9963|pages=117–71|doi=10.1016/s0140-6736(14)61682-2}}</ref> Meer as 95% van die sterftes onder mense kom in Afrika en Asië voor.<ref name="WHO2013" /> Hondsdolheid is teenwoordig in meer as 150 lande en op al die vastelande behalwe Antarktika. Verskeie lande insluitend Amerika, Kanada, Japan, Australië en Wes-Europa het geen hondsdolheid onder honde nie,<ref name="WHO2013" /><ref>{{Cite book|title=WHO Expert Consultation on Rabies: second report |date=2013 |publisher=WHO |location=Geneva |isbn=9789241209823 |page=3 |edition=2 |url= http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/85346/1/9789240690943_eng.pdf}}</ref><ref>{{cite news |title=Penang on rabies alert |url= http://www.thestar.com.my/News/Nation/2015/09/17/Penang-on-rabies-alert/ |access-date=19 September 2015 |publisher=The Star |date=17 September 2015 |language=en |archive-url= https://web.archive.org/web/20191009122242/https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2015/09/17/penang-on-rabies-alert |archive-date=9 Oktober 2019 |url-status=live |df=dmy-all}}</ref> maar Suid-Afrika het in 2021 nog meer as 'n dosyn gevalle by mense aangeteken.<ref>Lyse Comins, [https://www.thesouthafrican.com/news/breaking-news-human-rabies-south-africa-latest/ RABIES ALERT: City warns of spike in human cases of deadly disease], ''The South African'' (29 November 2021)</ref> Meer as 3 miljard mense woon in streke van die wêreld waar hondsdolheid voorkom. Talle klein eiland nasies het geen hondsdolheid wat voorkom nie.<ref>{{cite web |title=Rabies-Free Countries and Political Units |url=http://www.cdc.gov/animalimportation/rabies-free-countries.html |work=CDC |access-date=1 Maart 2014 |language=en |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20171123023530/https://www.cdc.gov/animalimportation/rabies-free-countries.html |archive-date=23 November 2017 |url-status=dead |df=dmy-all}}</ref>
 
== Tekens en simptome ==
[[Lêer:Rabies patient.jpg|regs|duimnael|'n Persoon met hondsdolheid, 1959]]
   Die tydperk wat verloop vandat die infeksie plaasvind in mense totdat die eerste simptome verskyn (inkubasietydperk) duur tipies 1 – 3 maande.<ref name="Giesen2015">{{Cite journal|title=30 Years of rabies vaccination with Rabipur: a summary of clinical data and global experience |journal=Expert Review of Vaccines|volume=14|issue=3|pages=351–67|date=March 2015|doi=10.1586/14760584.2015.1011134}}</ref> Inkubasietydperke so kort as vier dae en langer as ses jaar is gedokumenteer.<ref name="Giesen2015">{{Cite journal|title=30 Years of rabies vaccination with Rabipur: a summary of clinical data and global experience|journal=Expert Review of Vaccines |volume=14 |issue=3 |pages=351–67 |date=March 2015 |doi=10.1586/14760584.2015.1011134}}</ref> Die aanvanklike tekens en simptome is dikwels aspesifiek soos bv. koors en hoofpyn.<ref name="Giesen2015">{{Cite journal|title=30 Years of rabies vaccination with Rabipur: a summary of clinical data and global experience|journal=Expert Review of Vaccines|volume=14|issue=3|pages=351–67|date=March 2015|doi=10.1586/14760584.2015.1011134}}</ref> Die hondsdolheid vorder en veroorsaak [[inflammasie]] van die brein en/of meninges. Tekens en simptome kan insluit gedeeltelike verlamming, [[angstigheid]], [[slaaploosheid]],verwarring, abnormale gedrag, [[waansin]], hallusinasies en soms selfs 'n [[koma]].<ref name="Robbins">{{Cite book|author=Cotran RS|title=Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease|edition=7th|publisher=Elsevier/Saunders|year=2005|page=1375|isbn=0-7216-0187-1}}</ref><ref name="Giesen2015">{{Cite journal|title=30 Years of rabies vaccination with Rabipur: a summary of clinical data and global experience|journal=Expert Review of Vaccines|volume=14|issue=3|pages=351–67|date=March 2015|doi=10.1586/14760584.2015.1011134}}</ref> Die persoon kan ook hidrofobie ontwikkel.<ref name="WHO2013" />
 
Mense sterf gewoonlik 2 tot 10 dae nadat die eerste simptome verskyn het. Oorlewing is seldsaam;<ref name="Giesen2015">{{Cite journal|title=30 Years of rabies vaccination with Rabipur: a summary of clinical data and global experience|journal=Expert Review of Vaccines|volume=14|issue=3|pages=351–67|date=March 2015|doi=10.1586/14760584.2015.1011134}}</ref> selfs wanneer die korrekte en intensiewe sorg toegepas word.<ref name="Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy">{{Cite journal|title=Current and future trends in the prevention, treatment and control of rabies|journal=Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy|volume=4|issue=6|pages=1021–38|year=2006|doi=10.1586/14787210.4.6.1021}}</ref> [[Jeanna Giese]] was die eerste pasiënt om in 2004 met die [[Milwaukee protokol]] behandel te word,<ref name="Lite2009">{{cite magazine|url=http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=jeanna-giese-rabies-survivor |title=Medical Mystery: Only One Person Has Survived Rabies without Vaccine—But How? |magazine=[[Scientific American]] |author=Jordan Lite |date=2008-10-08 |accessdate=2010-01-30 |url-status=live |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20091105091606/http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=jeanna-giese-rabies-survivor |archivedate=2009-11-05 |df= }}</ref> – en ook die eerste mens op rekord wat hondsdolheid oorleef sonder om [[profilakse]] te ontvang na blootsteliing aan die virus.
 
=== Hidrofobie ===
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