Verskil tussen weergawes van "Boergondiërs (party)"

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Die '''Boergondiese''' party was 'n politieke brongenootskap in [[Frankryk]] wat gevrom is tydens die bewind van [[Karel VI van Frankryk]] tydens die laaste helfte van die [[Honderdjarige Oorlog]]. In die tydperk was die term "Boergondies" ook van toepassing op die lojale onderdane van die [[Hertog van Boergondië|Hertoë van Boergondië]].
 
==Geografie==
 
Die Hertoë van Boergondië het 'n groot aantal verspreide grondgebiede geërf van wat nou die grens van [[Switserland]] is tot by die [[Noord See]]. Die [[Hertogdom van Boergondië]] is as 'n ''appanage'' aan Filip die Stoute toegeken in die [[14de eeu]]. Dit is gevolg deur ander gebiede wat deur Filip en sy erfgename geërf is in die laat 14de en [[15de eeu]]e, insluitend die Graafskap van Franche-Comté, wat ook as die Graafskap van Boergondie bekend gestaan het, Vlaandere, Artois, en baie ander domeins in wat nou [[België]], [[Luxemburg]], [[Nederland]] en noordoos-Frankryk is. Bloeiende tekstielvervaardiging in die [[Lae Lande]] het dit een van die rykste ''realms'' in [[Europa]] gemaak.
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==Politics==
 
Partisan use of the term "Burgundian" arose from a feud between [[John II, Duke of Burgundy]] and [[Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans]]. The latter was the brother of King [[Charles VI of France|Charles VI]], the former was his cousin. When madness interrupted the king's ability to rule they vied for power in a bitter dispute. Popular rumor attributed an adulterous affair to the Duke of Orléans and French queen [[Isabeau of Bavaria]]. Supporters of the two dukes became known as "Burgundians" and "Orleanists," respectively.
 
Other than in Burgundy's own lands, the Duke's supporters were particularly powerful in [[Paris]], where the butchers' guild, notably, closely supported him.
 
The partisan terms outlasted the lives of these two men. John, Duke of Burgundy ordered the assassination of Louis, Duke of Orléans in [[1407]]. Burgundian partisans at the [[University of Paris]] published a treatise justifying this as [[tyrannicide]] in the belief that the Duke of Orléans had been plotting to kill the king and usurp the throne. Leadership of his party passed nominally to his son, [[Charles, Duke of Orleans|Charles]], but in fact to the young duke's father-in-law, [[Bernard VII, Count of Armagnac]]. After Orleans's capture by the English at [[Battle of Agincourt|Agincourt]] in [[1415]] and Armagnac's murder by a Burgundian mob in Paris in [[1417]], leadership of the party devolved upon the young [[Charles VII of France|Dauphin]], who retreated to [[Bourges]].
 
After [[1417]], then, Burgundy controlled both Paris and the person of the king. However, the whole dispute was proving deleterious to the war effort against the English, as both sides focused more on fighting one another than on preventing the English from conquering [[Normandy]]. In [[1419]], the Duke and the Dauphin negotiated a truce to allow both sides to focus on fighting the English. However, in a further parley, the Duke was murdered by the Dauphin's supporters as revenge for the murder of Orleans twelve years before.
 
Burgundian party leadership passed to [[Philip III, Duke of Burgundy]]. Duke Philip entered an alliance with [[England]]. Due to his influence and that of the queen, Isabeau, who had by now joined the Burgundian party, the mad king was induced to sign the [[Treaty of Troyes]] with [[France]] (or should this be England) in [[1420]], by which Charles VI recognized [[Henry V of England]] as his heir, disinheriting his own son the Dauphin.
 
When Henry V and Charles VI both died within months of each other, leaving Henry's son [[Henry VI of England]] as heir to both England and France, Philip the Good and the Burgundians continued to support the English. Nevertheless, dissension grew between Philip and the English regent, [[John, Duke of Bedford]]. Although family ties between Burgundy and Bedford (who had married the Duke's sister) prevented an outright rupture during Bedford's lifetime. Burgundy gradually withdrew support for the English and began to seek an understanding with the Dauphin, by now [[Charles VII of France]]. The two sides finally reconciled at the [[Treaty of Arras (1435)|Treaty of Arras]] in [[1435]], a treaty which allowed the French king to finally return to his capital.
 
==See also==
 
*[[Joan of Arc]]
*[[Middle Ages]]
*[[History of France]]
*[[Arthur de Richemont]]
 
[[Category:Middle Ages]]
[[Category:History of France]]
[[Category:Hundred Years' War]]
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