Verskil tussen weergawes van "Dier"

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|1={{clade
|1={{Clade
|1=[[Choanoflagellate|Choanoflagellata]][[FileBeeld:Cronoflagelado2.svg|70 px]]
|label2 =Animal
|2={{Clade
|1=[[Porifera]]
|2=[[Placozoa]]
|3=[[Ctenophora]][[FileBeeld:Mertensia ovum.png|70 px]]
|4=[[Cnidaria]][[FileBeeld:Medusae of world-vol03 fig360 Atolla chuni.jpg|70 px]]
|5={{Clade
|label1 =[[Bilateria]]
|1={{Clade
|1=[[Deuterostomes]][[FileBeeld:Cyprinus carpio3.jpg|70 px]]
|label2 =[[Protostomes]]
|2={{Clade
|1=[[Ecdysozoa]][[FileBeeld:Acrodipsas brisbanensis.jpg|70 px]]
|2=[[Lophotrochozoa]][[FileBeeld:Loligo forbesii.jpg|70 px]] }}
}}}}
}}
 
====Deuterostomia en Protostomia====
[[FileBeeld:Superbfairywrenscropped.jpeg|thumb|Twee winterkoninkies van die spesies ''Malurus cyaneus''.]]
 
[[Deuterostomia]] verskil in verskeie opsigte van [[Protostomia]]. Diere van albei groepe het ’n volledige spysverteringstelsel. By laasgenoemde groep ontwikkel die eerste opening wat in die embrio verskyn, in die mond en die tweede opening in die anus. In eersgenoemde groep ontwikkel die openinge andersom.<ref>{{cite book |last1=Peters |first1=Kenneth E. |last2=Walters |first2=Clifford C. |last3=Moldowan |first3=J. Michael |title=The Biomarker Guide: Biomarkers and isotopes in petroleum systems and Earth history |volume=2 |year=2005 |publisher=Cambridge University Press |isbn=978-0-521-83762-0 |page=717}}</ref> By die meeste Protostomia vul selle eenvoudig die binnekant van die [[gastrula]] in om die [[mesoderm]] te vorm, maar by Deuterostomia vorm dit deur die [[invaginasie]] van die [[endoderm]].<ref>{{cite book|last=Safra|first=Jacob E.|title=The New Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 1; Volume 3|year=2003|publisher=Encyclopædia Britannica|isbn=978-0-85229-961-6|page=767}}</ref> Deuterostomia-embrio's ondergaan radiale kliewing (verdeling) en Protostomia spirale kliewing.<ref>{{cite journal|last=Valentine|first=James W.|date=July 1997|title=Cleavage patterns and the topology of the metazoan tree of life|journal=PNAS|publisher=The National Academy of Sciences|volume=94|pages=8001–8005|bibcode = 1997PNAS...94.8001V |doi = 10.1073/pnas.94.15.8001|pmid=9223303|pmc=21545|issue=15}}</ref>
 
== Sien ook ==
* [[Wetenskaplike klassifikasie|Biologiese klassifikasie]]
* [[Etologie]]
* [[Groot vyf]]
* [[Klein vyf diere]]
==Verwysings==
{{Verwysings|3}}
 
==Bibliografie==
{{refbegin|3}}
* {{cite book|first=Claus|last=Nielsen|title=Animal Evolution: Interrelationships of the Living Phyla|edition=3rd|location=New York|publisher=[[Oxford University Press]]|year=2012|isbn=978-0-19-960602-3|ref=harv}}
* {{cite book|first=Knut|last=Schmidt-Nielsen|title=Animal Physiology: Adaptation and Environment|edition=5th|publisher=Cambridge University Press|year=1997|isbn=0-521-57098-0}}
* {{cite book|last=Magloire|first=Kim|title=Cracking the AP Biology Exam, 2004–2005 Edition|year=2004|publisher=The Princeton Review|isbn=978-0-375-76393-9|ref=harv}}
* {{cite book|last=Sangwal|first=Keshra|title=Additives and crystallization processes: from fundamentals to applications|year=2007|publisher=John Wiley and Sons|isbn=978-0-470-06153-4|ref=harv}}
* {{cite book|last1=Hutchins|first1=Michael|title=Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia|date=2003|publisher=Gale|location=Detroit|isbn=0-7876-5777-8|ref=harv|edition=2nd}}
* {{cite book|last=Holmes|first=Thom|title=The First Vertebrates|ref=harv|publisher=Infobase Publishing|year=2008|isbn=978-0-8160-5958-4}}
{{refend}}
 
==Eksterne skakels==
* [http://tolweb.org/ Tree of Life Project]
* [http://animaldiversity.org/ Animal Diversity Web]. Databasis met diere, klassifikasie, foto's en inligting
* [http://logic-law.com/index.php?title=Kingdom_Animalia/Metazoa Die diereryk]
* [http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/getting-a-leg-up-on-land/ "Getting a Leg Up on Land"] - ''Scientific American Magazine'', oor die evolusie van vierbeendiere uit visse {{Doi|10.1038/scientificamerican1205-100}}
* {{Wikispecies-inlyn|Animalia}}
*{{CommonsKategorie-inlyn|Animalia}}
*[[Lêer:Crystal txt.png|15px]] Hierdie artikel is vertaal uit die [[:en:Animal|Engelse Wikipedia]]
 
[[Kategorie:Diere| ]]