Die Weste of Westerse wêreld verwys na Europa en 'n groep gemeenskaplike lande. Die terme awendland en aandland (Latyn: occidens, "sonsondergang, Weste") verwys na Europa in 'n digterlike konteks. Die idee van 'n Westerse deel van die wêreld begin by die Grieks-Romeinse beskawing, Judaïsme, en Christendom.[1][2][3][4][5] Westerse rasionele en kritiese denke het 'n fondasie in die Atheense demokrasie van antieke Griekeland.[6]

Één definisie van die Westerse wêreld is die Europese Enkelmark plus die Anglosfeer.

Dit kontrasteer met die Ooste, wat die term is wat algemeen geassosieer word met die kulture van lande in Oos-Asië en die Indiese subkontinent.

Sien ookWysig

VerwysingsWysig

  1. Religions in Global Society – p. 146, Peter Beyer – 2006
  2. Cambridge University Historical Series, An Essay on Western Civilization in Its Economic Aspects, p. 40: Hebraism, like Hellenism, has been an all-important factor in the development of Western Civilization; Judaism, as the precursor of Christianity, has indirectly had had much to do with shaping the ideals and morality of western nations since the christian era.
  3. Caltron J.H Hayas, Christianity and Western Civilization (1953), Stanford University Press, p. 2: That certain distinctive features of our Western civilization — the civilization of western Europe and of America— have been shaped chiefly by Judaeo–Graeco–Christianity, Catholic and Protestant.
  4. Horst Hutter, University of New York, Shaping the Future: Nietzsche's New Regime of the Soul And Its Ascetic Practices (2004), p. 111: three mighty founders of Western culture, namely Socrates, Jesus, and Plato.
  5. Fred Reinhard Dallmayr, Dialogue Among Civilizations: Some Exemplary Voices (2004), p. 22: Western civilization is also sometimes described as "Christian" or "Judaeo-Christian" civilization.
  6. Cartledge, Paul (17 Februarie 2011). "The Democratic Experiment" [Die demokratiese eksperiment]. BBC (in Engels). Geargiveer vanaf die oorspronklike op 24 November 2020. Besoek op 24 November 2020.