Verskil tussen weergawes van "Curie-familie"

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Etiket: 2017-bronwysiging
Die '''Curie-familie''' is 'n Poplse en Franse familie met 'n aantal roemryke wetenskaplikes. Verskeie lede het die [[Nobelprys]] ontvang, insluitend fisika, chemie of die [[Nobelprys vir Vrede]]. [[Pierre Curie|Pierre]] (Frans) en [[Marie Curie]] (Pools) en hulle dogter [[Irène Joliot-Curie]], is die mees prominente lede.<ref>{{Cite news|url=http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2011/11/marie-curies-immediate-family-won-a-total-of-five-nobel-prizes/|title=Marie Curie's Immediate Family Won a Total of Five Nobel Prizes|date=2011-11-07|work=Today I Found Out|access-date=2017-08-06|language=en-US|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170117070814/http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2011/11/marie-curies-immediate-family-won-a-total-of-five-nobel-prizes/|archive-date=2017-01-17}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.notablebiographies.com/Co-Da/Curie-Marie.html|title=Marie Curie Biography - life, family, children, wife, school, mother, young, book, information, born, husband|website=www.notablebiographies.com|language=en|access-date=2017-08-06|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170627223249/http://www.notablebiographies.com/Co-Da/Curie-Marie.html|archive-date=2017-06-27}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=http://kids.britannica.com/students/article/Curie-family/273880|title=Curie family - Students {{!}} Britannica Kids {{!}} Homework Help|website=kids.britannica.com|language=en-US|access-date=2017-08-06}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/tech/science/2006-10-04-nobel-families_x.htm|title=The Nobel Prizes: A family tradition - USATODAY.com|website=usatoday30.usatoday.com|access-date=2017-08-06|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150311175039/http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/tech/science/2006-10-04-nobel-families_x.htm|archive-date=2015-03-11}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/facts/|title=Nobel Prize Facts|website=www.nobelprize.org|access-date=2017-08-06|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170708135926/https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/facts/|archive-date=2017-07-08}}</ref><ref>{{Cite journal|last=Pasachoff|first=Jay M.|date=2009-01-22|title=When winning a Nobel Prize seems to run in the family|journal=Nature|language=en|volume=457|issue=7228|pages=379|doi=10.1038/457379b|pmid=19158770|issn=0028-0836|bibcode=2009Natur.457..379P|doi-access=free}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.bbvaopenmind.com/en/the-magnificent-four-who-received-the-nobel-prize-twice/|title=Double Noble: The Magnificent Four Who Received The Nobel Prize Twice - OpenMind|date=2015-12-11|work=OpenMind|access-date=2017-08-06|language=en-US|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170313104047/https://www.bbvaopenmind.com/en/the-magnificent-four-who-received-the-nobel-prize-twice/|archive-date=2017-03-13}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.cnn.com/2009/LIVING/wayoflife/10/06/mf.nobel.odd.facts/index.html|title=Odd facts about Nobel Prize winners - CNN.com|last=English|first=By Jason|website=www.cnn.com|language=en|access-date=2017-08-06|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170119045251/http://www.cnn.com/2009/LIVING/wayoflife/10/06/mf.nobel.odd.facts/index.html|archive-date=2017-01-19}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|url=http://mentalfloss.com/article/53186/15-women-who-have-won-science-nobel-prizes-marie-curie|title=15 Women Who Have Won Science Nobel Prizes Since Marie Curie|date=2017-03-21|access-date=2017-08-06|language=en|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170325234806/http://mentalfloss.com/article/53186/15-women-who-have-won-science-nobel-prizes-marie-curie|archive-date=2017-03-25}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.livescience.com/16379-10-noblest-nobel-prize-winners-time.html|title=The 10 Noblest Nobel Prize Winners of All Time|work=Live Science|access-date=2017-08-06|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170316180808/http://www.livescience.com/16379-10-noblest-nobel-prize-winners-time.html|archive-date=2017-03-16}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.biography.com/people/marie-curie-9263538|title=Marie Curie|website=Biography.com|language=en-us|access-date=2017-08-06|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170306194013/http://www.biography.com/people/marie-curie-9263538|archive-date=2017-03-06}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.biography.com/news/marie-curie-biography-facts|title=Marie Curie: 7 Facts on the Groundbreaking Scientist|work=Biography.com|access-date=2017-08-06|language=en-us|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20161208011905/http://www.biography.com/news/marie-curie-biography-facts|archive-date=2016-12-08}}</ref>
{{versmelt|Marie Curie}}
 
==Gesinsgenealogie==
[[Lêer:Familia Curie.png|duimnael|Stamboom]]
{{Tree list}}
Paul Curie (1799–1853), physician, humanist <br /> x Augustine Hofer (1805–1883), a descendant of the famous scholar and mathematician [[Johann Bernoulli]] (1667–1748).
**{{Tree list/final branch}}Eugene Curie (1827–1910), doctor <br /> x Sophie-Claire Depouilly (1832-1897).
***[[Jacques Curie]] (1855–1941), physicist <br /> x Marie Masson (1856–1945).
****{{Tree list/final branch}}Maurice Curie (1888–1975), physicist.
*****Daniel Curie (1927-2000), physicist.
***{{Tree list/final branch}}[[Pierre Curie]] (1859–1906), physicist, Nobel Prize in 1903. <br /> x [[Marie Curie|Marie Skłodowska Curie]] (1867–1934), physicist, chemist, Nobel Prize in 1903 and in 1911.
****[[Irène Joliot-Curie]] (1897–1956), physicist, Nobel Prize in 1935 <br /> x [[Frédéric Joliot-Curie]] (1900–1958), physicist, Nobel Prize in 1935.
***** [[Pierre Joliot|Pierre Joliot-Curie]] (1932), biologist <br /> x Anne Gricouroff, biologist, daughter of Georges Gricouroff and Colette Rodet.
****** Marc Joliot (1962), neuroscientist.
******{{Tree list/final branch}} Alain Joliot (1964), biologist.
*****{{Tree list/final branch}}[[Hélène Langevin-Joliot]] (1927), nuclear physicist <br /> x Michel Langevin (1926–1985), physicist, son of André Langevin and [[Luce Langevin-Dubus|Luce Dubus]], grandson of [[Paul Langevin]] and Jeanne Desfosses.
****** Françoise Langevin-Mijangos x Christian Mijangos.
******{{Tree list/final branch}}Yves Langevin (1951),<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.ancientfaces.com/person/yves-langevin/529586 |title=Yves Langevin |access-date=2016-04-09 |url-status=live |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160422070235/http://www.ancientfaces.com/person/yves-langevin/529586 |archive-date=2016-04-22 }}</ref> astrophysicist
****{{Tree list/final branch}}[[Ève Curie]] (1904–2007), writer, journalist, pianist <br /> x [[Henry Richardson Labouisse, Jr.]] (1904–1987), American diplomat, Nobel Peace Prize on behalf of UNICEF in 1965.
{{Tree list/end}}
 
== Oorsig ==
Pierre en Marie Curie het veral deur hul navorsing en baanbrekerswerk op die gebied van radioaktiwiteit beroemd geword. Hiervoor het hulle albei in 1903 die Nobelprys vir Natuurkunde ontvang. Na Pierre se dood in 1906 het Marie Curie die Nobelprys die tweede keer ontvang. Dit was in 1911, en die keer vir Skeikunde. Die Nobelprys is in 1935 aan Irene Joliot-Curie, 'n dogter van Pierre en Marie, toegeken vir Natuurkunde. Marie Curie Marja Sklodowska, later bekend as Marie Curie, is op 7 November 1867 in Warschau, Pole, gebore. Marja (haar familie hethaar Manja genoem) was die jongste van vyf begaafde kinders.
 
Om die ongeluk te verwerk, het Marie nog harder gewerk en in 1908 is sy as professor aan die Sorbonne aangestel- die eerste vrou wat hierdie
pos beklee het. 'n Sensasiebeluste pers het haar private lewe kom versteur en dit het haar in haar werk gehinder as nuuskierige koerantmanne haar huis vertrap
het op soek na 'n "storie". Die toedrag van sake het egter nie juis verbeter toe sy in 1911 vir die tweede keer die Nobelprys verower het nie - die keer vir chemie. Sy het egter weer geskiedenis gemaak deurdat sy die eerste vrou en die eerste wetenskaplike was wat hierdie eer te beurt geval het. lnIn 1914 is die instituut vir radium gestig, 'n ideaal. waaroor sy en Pierre gedroom het.
vir radium gestig, 'n ideaal. waaroor sy en Pierre gedroom het.
 
Tydens die Eerste Wêreldoorlog het Marie al haar tyd bestee deur die gebruik van die Röntgenstraal vir geneeskundige doeleindes te ontwikkel. In 1918 het sy die leiding geneem by die radiuminstituut se wetenskaplike afdeling, waar haar dogter Irène ook gewerk het. In 1921 het Marie Curie een gram radium van die Amerikaanse president, [[Warren G. Harding|Warren]] C. Harding, ontvang en in 1929 het die VSA nog 'n gram radium geskenk vir die stigting van 'n radiuminstituut in [[Warschau]]. Die instituut in Warschau is in 1932 in gebruik geneem onder die leiding van Marie se suster, Bronja.
== Bronnelys ==
* Wereldspektrum, 1982, ISBN 0908409451
 
== Verwysings ==
{{Verwysings}}
 
{{Normdata}}
28 785

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