Maak hoofkeuseskerm oop

Die Turkse Republiek van Noord-Siprus (Turks: Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti)[4] of kort Noord-Siprus (Kuzey Kıbrıs) is volgens internasionale reg deel van Siprus. Die de facto onafhanklike republiek[5][6][7] word slegs deur Turkye as onafhanklike land erken.[8]

Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti
Turkse Republiek van Noord-Siprus
Vlag van die Turkse Republiek van Noord-Siprus Wapen van die Turkse Republiek van Noord-Siprus
Vlag Wapen
Volkslied: İstiklal Marşı
(Turks vir: "Onafhanklikheidsmars")
Ligging van die Turkse Republiek van Noord-Siprus
Hoofstad Noord-Nicosia (Lefkoşa)

35°11′N 33°22′O / 35.183°N 33.367°O / 35.183; 33.367

Grootste stad Noord-Nicosia (Lefkoşa)
Amptelike tale Turks
Regering Republiek
Mustafa Akıncı
Ersin Tatar
Onafhanklikheid
• Verklaar
• Erken
van Siprus
15 November 1983[1]
net deur Turkye
Oppervlakte
 - Totaal
 
 - Water (%)
 
3 355 km2  ()
1 295 myl2
2,7
Bevolking
 - 2017-skatting
 - 2011-sensus
 - Digtheid
 
326 000[2] ()
286 257
93 / km2 (117de)
240,9 / myl2
BBP (nominaal)
 - Totaal
 - Per capita
2017-skatting

$3,685 miljard[2]
$12 702[2]

Geldeenheid Lira (Turkish lira symbol black.svg) (TRY)
Tydsone
 - Somertyd
OET[3] (UTC+2)
OEST (UTC+3)
Internet-TLD .nc.tr of .ct.tr;
wye gebruik van .cc
Skakelkode +90 392
Nasa-Satellietbeeld van die eiland Siprus
Kaart van Noord-Siprus
Kaart van die eiland Siprus
Politieke kaart van die eiland Siprus

Die Turkse Republiek van Noord-Siprus bestaan sedert 1974[9][10][11][12] en op 15 November 1983 het Noord-Siprus sy onafhanklikheid verklaar. Die Republiek is in die noordelike deel van Siprus geleë en die hoofstad is Noord-Nicosia (Lefkoşa). Die Turkse Republiek van Noord-Siprus het 'n bevolking van 286 257 in 2011 gehad en 'n oppervlakte van 3 355 km². Die oplossing van die Siprus-konflik is een van die voorwaardes vir die toetreding van Turkye tot die Europese Unie.[13]

VerwysingsWysig

  1. (en) Historical Background”. Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs. URL besoek op 29 Mei 2019.
  2. 2,0 2,1 2,2 (tr) KKTC”. Turkish Ministry of Economy. URL besoek op 28 July 2015.
  3. (tr) Saatler geri alınıyor!”. Yeni Düzen. URL besoek op 29 Mei 2019.
  4. (en) "The social and economic impact of EU membership on northern Cyprus", Diez, Thomas (2002). The European Union and the Cyprus Conflict: Modern Conflict, Postmodern Union. Manchester University Press. p. 187. ISBN 0-7190-6079-6. 
  5. (en) Antiwar.com. In Praise of 'Virtual States', Leon Hadar, 16 November 2005
  6. (en) Carter Johnson, University of Maryland. Sovereignty or Demography? Reconsidering the Evidence on Partition in Ethnic Civil Wars, 2005
  7. (en) Emerson, Michael (2004). The Wider Europe Matrix. CPSE. ISBN 9290794690. 
  8. (en) BBC: The status of Northern Cyprus as a separate entity is recognised only by Turkey, which keeps around 30,000 troops in the north of the island.
  9. (en) New York Times Quote: The dinner follows a meal Mr. Denktash held on Dec. 6, when Mr. Clerides made his first visit to northern Cyprus, which was invaded by Turkey in 1974 and has been governed by Turkish Cypriots ever since. Mr. Clerides is recognized internationally as the president of Cyprus, but Turkey is the only country that....
  10. (en) BBC News Quote: "Cyprus has been split into the Greek Cypriot-controlled south and the Turkish-occupied north since Turkey invaded in 1974, in the wake of an abortive coup by supporters of union with Greece."
  11. (en) Unity talks under threat as hardliner elected President The Times Quote: on divided island a stance that would scuttle a deal. Cyprus was split on ethnic and religious lines by a Turkish invasion in 1974, triggered by a brief, Greek-inspired coup.
  12. (en) Cyprus problem is fuelling racism The Guardian Quote: "Whether one chooses to date the situation to the invasion by Turkey in 1974, the coup by junta-officered Greek Cypriots the same year, the bombings by Turkey in 1964, the attempt..."
  13. (de) tagesschau.de: Der Zypern-Konflikt – das ungelöste Problem der EU

Verdere leesstofWysig

  • (en) Langdale, Allan (2012). In a Contested Realm: an Illustrated Guide to the Archaeology and Historical Architecture of Northern Cyprus. Grimsay Press. ISBN 978-1-84530-128-6. 
  • (en) North Cyprus – a Pocket-Guide. Rustem Bookshop, Nicosia. 2006. ISBN 9944-968-03-X. 

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